Introduction to cats
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By GoldColin | 04 April 2023 | 0 Comments

Introduction to cats

Pets are man's best friend, and the number of families with pets is increasing day by day. According to statistics, 29% of households in the United States have cats. There are also many types of cats, which I will introduce in detail next.

1. According to the living environment
(1) Domestic cats: Cats that have been domesticated by humans, but do not rely too much on humans and retain the instinct to survive independently.
(2) Wild cats: Originally the ancestors of domestic cats, they lived in the desert, mountains and forests, etc. In biological history, cats were first seen 12 million years ago.

2.Classified by breed breeding
(1) Purebred cats: refers to cat breeds that have been carefully bred by people over several years and generations, and whose breeding procedures are strictly controlled to avoid breed degradation, as well as breeds that are recognized by international cat organizations. The genetic characteristics of these cats are stable, with similar characteristics between the kittens and their parents, and each cat has a pedigree record, including data on gender, breed, physical characteristics and their ancestry.
(2)Hybrid cats: refers to breeds that are not under human control and reproduce on their own. The genetic characteristics of these cats are very unstable, and different coat colors are often found in the same litter. In China, many people collectively refer to them as native cats.

3.By the length of the cat's coat
(1) Long-haired cats: the representative ones are Maine cats, Ragdoll cats, Himalayan cats, Persian cats and Somali cats, etc.
(2) Short-haired cats: relatively more varieties than long-haired cats, the more common and famous ones are Siamese, American and British short cats, Japanese short-tailed cats, Russian blue cats, foreign short-haired cats, Abyssinian cats and Scottish collapsed ear cats.

1)Shorthair cat:
Short hair, neat and smooth, fine texture, strong bones, agile, with wild characteristics, easier daily care, understand human language, gentle and close to people, as a companion animal, particularly popular.
There are more varieties of shorthair cats in almost all parts of the world, the main varieties are as follows:
British Shorthair, American Shorthair, European Shorthair, Oriental Shorthair, Siamese, Curly Cat (four varieties), Burmese (divided into American Burmese and European Burmese), Havana Cat, Singapore Cat, Manx Cat (Isle of Man Cat), Egyptian Cat, Bengal Cat, Scottish Fold, American Curly Ear, California Shiny Cat, Canadian Hairless Cat (Sphinx Cat), Japanese Short-tailed Cat, Korat Cat Abyssinian cats, Bombay cats, Russian blue cats, Asian cat group (including Pomera cats)

2)Longhair cats:
The fur is 5-10cm long, soft and smooth, and varies slightly depending on the season. It has a graceful body and steady movements; it is docile, dependent and likes to be close to people; it has a soft purring voice and likes to be pampered in front of its owner. Although the fur needs to be groomed every day and will lose a lot of hair in early summer. Daily care is slightly tedious, but as a companion animal, it is also much loved by people.
The main breeds of longhair cats are as follows:
Persian cat (called longhair in the UK), Chinchilla cat, Himalayan cat, (generally speaking, Chinchilla and Himalayan cats are considered a type of Persian cat) Maine cat, Burman cat, Angora cat, Turkish Van cat, Norwegian forest cat, Siberian forest cat, Ragdoll cat, Somali cat.

3)Civet Cat:
Originally from China, the civet cat is a natural cat, a breed that has been preserved through the natural elimination of many breeds over thousands of years. It has a beautiful, thick coat and a healthy body. It is easy to feed and is very good at catching mice.
The civet cat has a very independent personality, is athletic and cheerful, and will be very sensitive if its surroundings change. Its dependence on its owner is very high, and if it is suddenly given a new owner, it may become depressed. Although the adult cat will not be very fond of playing with people, it will still walk around in your sight at all times. It is a very subtle animal and is confident in itself and loyal to its owner.

4)Persian cats:
Persia is the name of the country of ancient Iran. The Persian cat is the most common and typical breed. The Persian cat is actually a breed based on the long-haired cats of the ancient Persian region (present-day Iran) and the Angora cats of the Turkish or Armenian regions, and was born in 1860 after more than 100 years of selective breeding in England. The Persian cat has a delightful baby face, a long and gorgeous coat, and an elegant demeanor, which makes it very valuable. A purebred Persian cat can cost thousands of dollars and is one of the world's favorite cats for cat lovers.

5)Burmese Cat:
Origin: Burma. In the early 1930s, Dr. Joseph Thomson of San Francisco acquired an attractive peach-brown female cat from Burma, which he named "Wong Mau". After breeding with the Siamese cat, a different breed was created - the Burmese cat. During the breeding process, some kittens with lighter colored coats were obtained, and the American breeders asked the CFA to confirm these lighter colors as well, and initially these lighter colored cats were listed as another breed, Malayan, and later became the DiluteDivision of the Burmese cats.

6)Classical Siamese cat (aka Thai cat):
Siamese cats originate from Thailand, they have short hair, long body and thin, with beautiful dark blue eyes and darker colored face; Siamese cats are believed to be the oldest cat breed in the world, they are very fond of human companionship and love to be in contact with people, lying on your bed, on a chair, on your lap, on your body; they are very intelligent and affectionate, tolerant of small children and can be companions for the elderly, they usually like to stay at home and do not They are very intelligent and affectionate. Siamese cats purr a lot and like to talk constantly.

7)Snowshoe Cat:
Native to Russia. The muscular and large size of the Snowshoe cat is a result of the American Shorthair bloodline. Its length, on the other hand, shows the characteristics of the Siamese cat. Male cats tend to be significantly larger than females, weighing up to 5.4kg.
[Characteristics] The white area overlaps the traditional Siamese pattern, and breeds with this color pattern are increasingly being bred. The "finger gloves" on the front legs must reach the ankles and extend just below the hock joints on the hind legs. Older cats tend to be darker in color, but the key is to have a contrast between the accent color and the body color.

8)Turkish Van Cat:
In 1955, British cat lovers saw a cat playing in the water on the shore of Lake Van in Turkey and brought it back to breed.
[Appearance] The Turkish Van cat is very similar to the Angolan cat in appearance. It is particularly hardy, has good environmental tolerance and is very lively. Although once considered aggressive, through the efforts of breeding experts, the breed's behavior has become friendly, especially with other cats. Egoistic, playful, strong personality, affectionate and often shows possessiveness towards its owner. Makes a very good companion and is slightly vocal. Can adapt to apartment living. However, large yards with a water environment are preferable. Growth is slow, taking 3 to 5 years to reach full adulthood. Weekly grooming is usually sufficient, but needs to be increased moderately during the early summer shedding season. The Turkish Van has a dense, soft, silky coat, but does not have any inner fleece. In winter its coat is fully comparable to the long hair of the BT house; in summer the coat is gradually shed.

9)Bengal Cat:
With Asian leopard cat (civet cat) bloodline, it is one of the most valuable cats and can generally be sold for 56,000.
Native: American Ancestry: Asian Leopard Cat Crossbreeding Origin: 1963 Weight: 5.5 to 9kg Medium to large. Long and strong. Sturdy bone structure. Short coat.
Head: Quite large with a rounded profile. Longer than wide. Softly curved transition from forehead to bridge of nose. High raised and pronounced cheeks. Plump and wide muzzle. Large, broad nose with slightly concave curve. Jaws very pronounced.
Ears: Small to medium sized, wide at the base, with rounded tips and tilted forward. The tips of the ears must not have lynx-like tufted hairs.
Eyes: Large, oval, widely spaced, with the tips slightly inclined toward the base of the ears. All colors are acceptable except blue and light green.
Neck: Long, thick, muscular and strong. Length is proportional to body length.
Body: Long, large and powerful, but not an Oriental type body. Bones are thick and powerfully muscled.
Legs and claws: Legs are medium in length. The hind legs are slightly longer than the front legs. Bones are strong and thick. Large, rounded claws. Black foot pads.
Tail: Medium length, thick, tapering towards the tip, which is rounded.
Coat: Short and fine. Thick, well-spoken and unusually soft. Colors include: black (unrecognized); brown tiger-spotted (with shades of base color); silver tiger-spotted (unrecognized); white snow cats (Lynx-point cat Lynx-point/Mink-point cat) are lighter spots or granite patterns, blue-eyed (green-eyed for mink cats, unrecognized for mink cats).

10)Russian Blue Cats:
Historically known as the Acheangi Blue Cat, it was brought to England on ships in the 17th century and nearly became extinct during the Second World War. The Russian Blue Cat has a long and slender body with a flat forehead that looks like a snake from the side, so it is called the "head of a cobra". The whole body is covered by silvery blue fur and the eyes are green. Its limbs are long and slender, its face is narrow, and its large ears are extremely thin, with a double layer of short hair. This cat is introverted and docile, and will never bark. With large, erect pointed ears and small, rounded paws, it walks as if on tiptoe. The body is covered with a short silver-blue glossy coat, with a slender and slim body and a light gait, showing the aristocratic style of a cat.
Body shape: Slender and elegant body shape with a slightly oriental mood, strong bones, simple and gorgeous coat. Short hair, with a velvety texture and feel, the inner layer of fluff can withstand the cold, gray, blue-gray, looks like a mink-like silver-gray luster, so called the Russian blue cat. The head is short and wedge-shaped. The medium-length nose is basically straight with the forehead, and the eyes are almond-shaped and green in color. The ears are wide and erect, with a sense of transparency. The limbs are long and slender, and the paws are orthogonal in shape. They are long, smooth and tapered.

11)Sphinx Cat:
【Body Type】Medium long and thin type
【Appearance】The cat's ears, mouth, nose, front of the tail, feet and other parts of the body are all hairless, except for some thin, soft, fine hair.
【Characteristics】 The skin is wrinkled, elastic, and sweaty and greasy compared to other cats. The head is wedge-shaped, and the tail is long and thin. Muscular, touching body temperature is higher than other cats.
【Eyes】 Eyes are large and round, slightly slanted, mostly blue and golden yellow.
【Ears】Large ears.
【Habits】The Sphinx cat is very honest, very tolerant, easy to get close to people, fun, and loyal to its owner. Because it loves to sweat, so when raising it should pay attention to give it a bath often.

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